Colour coded

To use the Anxiety Meter, a child wears wireless sensors – small stickers that monitor the heart rate and the Anxiety Meter translates this into a visual display on a tablet through a colour gradient. 

There is an indicator bar that does up and down the gradient – if the bar is in the green zone, you’re calm. If it moves up into the red zone, you’re anxious. 

Once a child reaches an anxious state, he or she can begin managing that anxiety through trained responses, such as deep breathing exercises. 

But as Liam spoke to the Premier, it was Dr. Kushki who was feeling anxious. The bar remained in the green area, which surprised her. 

Surely a 14-year-old having a discussion with the Ontario Premier in front of flashing cameras would cause a little anxiety, wouldn’t it? 

Nope, Liam was calm, cool, and collected and his Anxiety Meter reflected that.

“I remember thinking, ‘This isn’t working!’” said Dr. Kushki. 

Change of subject, change of mood

The topic of conversation then turned to situations that made Liam nervous. He admitted that seeing a new teacher at school that he’s never met makes him a little uneasy.  

Suddenly the bar began moving closer and closer to the red zone. Liam also admitted elevators make him nervous, and the bar moved even further.  

“It was an amazing moment because as the bar went UP, Liam started his deep breathing techniques,” said Dr. Kushki.  

Encouraged by this real-life demonstration, Dr. Kushki and her team continue to develop the Anxiety Meter and are just about finished their clinical testing and ready to make it available to the public. 

(Dr. Kushki and her team are also developing a wristwatch version that doesn’t require any sensors.)

Technology’s terrific potential

Dr. Kushki believes that technology like this could have a huge impact on the treatment of autism. 

She doesn’t think it will ever replace face-to-face therapy, but it could be a very powerful complimentary tool. She also believes kids and adults with autism often show an affinity towards technology. 

But why?

“One of the reasons is that technology provides a predictable setting for interaction,” she said.

For many kids with autism, unfamiliar spontaneous social interaction triggers anxiety. 

Technology such as apps offer a controlled way of interacting with specific outcomes. That structure might put them at ease. Plus, technology can be adjusted to better suit each child.  

“It’s like when you play a video game,” said Dr. Kushki. “You start at option one, two, or three and you can choose the option that’s best for you,” she said. "Whereas when you’re in social situations, you don’t have that option.”